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Term Definition
Gene

A discrete amount of information encoded on a portion of DNA. The genetic information is encoded in its own language. The genetic information on genes is first transcribed from DNA to RNA. The RNA is then used to make cellular proteins. There are multiple genes on each chromosome. Each human has 23 pairs of chromosomes. If the analogy is building a tower with legos, each lego (of different lengths) is a gene, when you stack the legos on top of each other, you are linking the genes and the stack of legos equals a chromosome. Each chromosome has a matching chromosome and forms a pair.